What is Minimalism?

Moretti Blog   •   April 18, 2018

minimalist living room

Minimalism emerged in the arts in the late 1950s and it flourished in the 1960s and 1970s becoming soon a movement also in the architecture and design.
Its main concepts are based on the Ludwig Van Der Rohe (1886-1969) famous motto: “Less is more” meaning the importance to give attention to the essentiality of an object or structure. Ludwig Van Der Rohe has been a key figure in minimalism and one of the fathers of modern architecture with its clean forms.
As almost every new art movement minimalism rejects the styles from the past characterized by lavish, high-decorative elements. Decoration had become in fact so intense that had begun to overlook the function of the objects. Minimalistic propose was to simplify and elevate the role of these objects.

How is a minimalistic interior?

In interior design, minimalism means spacious rooms with minimum of furniture and accessories. There is a will to create a link between the inside and the outside space and to search a relationship between the interior spaces through natural light, the spaces are often clean and open and the internal walls are limited to allow a continuum between inside and outside.
Every piece of furniture and accessories is there for a reason and the number of accessories should be minimal. Only the essential will be selected so to lose what is superfluous: the rooms will be austere and seem almost empty for the lack of furniture that, in other homes in other styles, are very much used. There is also an attention to shape, colour and texture.

minimalism in interior design

Its main characteristics are:

Simplicity in form and function: the aim of a minimalist design is to achieve better design through simplicity of forms, space, materials, details and colours. A must are sharp lines, solid surfaces, low furniture and pastel shades.

Simple colours: white is the main colour and should form the basis for walls, floor and furniture. As an alternative, you can choose neutral colours such as beige or grey.

Clean, open light-filled spaces: minimalistic home usually has big windows that do not have curtains or shades to create an effect of lightness.
Simple detailed decorations: to create a sense of clarity and richness with few very well-chosen accessories.